A new paper (in German) on the currency of justice for children was just published in ARSP. It should be open access but it is not yet. See the abstract and below also the published version of the paper.
Fähigkeiten und Funktionsweisen als ,,Währung der Gerechtigkeit" für Kinder [Capabilities and Functionings as the ,,Currency of Justice" for Children ]
In this paper, we aim to clarify two central assumptions, which allow to specify what justice for children implies in the Capability Approach. First, we argue that an adequate currency of justice for children consists in a bundle of functionings, which develops into a bundle of capabilities in the course of childhood; the currency of justice for children is dynamic, not static. Second, we discuss how the respective functionings and capabilities should be selected. In particular, we suggest four criteria. They imply that there is not only a change through time from a bundle of functionings to a bundle of capabilities as the currency of justice for children, but that the composition of the bundle itself gets modified.
Link to article on the publisher's website.
Link to the PDF of the published version.
Call for Abstracts: Global Justice for Children
Journal of Global Ethics Special Issue
edited by Gottfried Schweiger and Johannes Drerup
Submission of Abstracts (500 words): 1 June 2018
Submission of Full Papers (6000-8000 words): 1 December 2018
Direct enquiries and submissions to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Children are a group that has been neglected in most theories of global justice so far, which is especially striking since children are victims of severe injustices, face several disadvantages compared to adults and nearly all indicators to measure global injustice show that they are a particular deprived group. For example, children show higher rates of poverty in most developing countries as well as in developed countries. Many children are undernourished and malnourished; they are exploited through forced labor, sexual abuse and trafficking; and they are recruited as combatants in violent conflicts. There is therefore a strong need for improvements in the lives of children around the world.
However, what global justice demands for children and how it can be achieved has not been fleshed out in detail. Certainly, there are important policy approaches available, like the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Sustainable Development Goals, and monitoring initiatives such as UNICEF’s Innocenti Report Cards. Longstanding philosophical literature on children’s rights has recently been complemented by first steps to modify existing theories of global justice, such as the Capability Approach, to fit for children. Much more reflection and research is needed nonetheless. Thus the aim of this Special Issue is to advance our understanding of the place of children in theories of global justice, both to indicate what global justice for children demands and to establish how justice can be achieved and sustained.
Children are different from adults in several important ways and in regard to, for example, their physical, cognitive and emotional development as well as their social status. But such widely held assumptions about children as particularly vulnerable and worthy of protection are not fully accounted for. Furthermore, the particularity of childhood makes it necessary to think about child-sensitive and child-specific responses to the injustices they face and how they can be implemented on a global level. Most policy measures that fit for adults often do not fit well for children, and concerns of intergenerational justice may apply to their case, as they apply for generations to come. Adult-focused moral and political theories have to be extended, modified or substantially altered in order to apply to children. This holds also for the applied field of global justice, in which philosophical theories about childhood have not had an international focus so far.
We look for contributions that will deepen and broaden understanding of the current situation of children globally, regarding both the injustices they face and how these injustices may be faced. Contributions could also further advance ongoing debates on the moral and justice-based entitlements of children and their rights (and also duties) on a global scale. We also welcome papers that analyze and scrutinize the responsibilities of actors and agents of global justice for children, and writing that helps to devise policies to improve children’s lives.
We hope to attract contributions from different theoretical approaches and backgrounds, especially including those outside of the mainstream of theories of global justice. Of particular interest are contributions that look into the intersection of disadvantages and injustices in children's lives based on their gender and sex, race, ethnicity, indigeneity or health status. Contributions from scholars based in the Global South are particularly encouraged.
Manuscripts (of 6000-8000 words) should be compiled in the following order: Author name(s) and title on first page; title, abstract (200 words) and five keywords on second page; main text (set for blind review); acknowledgments; references; appendices (if appropriate).
Rosana Trivino Cabaerlo has written a nicereview of our book "Ethics and the Endangerment of Children's Bodies" for the Journal of Applied Philosophy. You can access the review here: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/japp.12288/full
And you can access the book here: www.palgrave.com/de/book/9783319402123
Nicolas Brando (Leuven), Gunter Graf (Salzburg) and Gottfried Schweiger (Salzburg) are looking for abstracts for an edited volume on "Philosophy and Child Poverty" as part of the newly established Springer Book Series "Philosophy and Poverty". The detailed call for papers can be found below.
Philosophy and Child Poverty
edited by Nicolás Brando, Gunter Graf and Gottfried Schweiger
to be published as part of the Springer Book Series "Philosophy and Poverty"
We are opening a call for contributions to this edited volume. If interested, please submit your abstract (max. 800 words) as soon as possible, the latest deadline 30 September 2017. Decisions will be communicated within two weeks after. The deadline for the final versions of chapters is 30 April 2018. It is envisaged to publish the whole volume as an open access book.
For submission of abstracts and further information please send an email to: email@example.com
The proposed book intends to be the first of its kind to examine child poverty from a philosophical perspective. Although the philosophical literature on both poverty and childhood is certainly increasing, the status of children living in poverty has been largely ignored. We consider that the particular condition of children and the justice-related issues that stem from it compels us to look more deeply into the particular sources, disadvantages and responsibilities of and towards children living in poverty. With this aim in mind, the book intends to fill a significant gap of child-specific philosophical discussions on poverty by bringing together original contributions from an international group of scholars who can shed light on this important topic.
This edited volume aims to offer a broad and diverse reflection of the ways in which child poverty could be conceptualized, measured and the ways in which it is intertwined with childhood as a specific social condition. Furthermore, the responsibilities towards children and the possible mechanisms required for dealing with this condition both as a domestic and a global phenomenon will be analyzed and clarified.
This book aims at exploring the ways in which philosophical reflection may feed into child poverty research. The following topics have been identified crucial for that matter:
I. Conceptualization, Measurement and Evaluation of Child Poverty
An important task at hand is to explore the ways in which philosophical and ethical research may contribute to our understanding of poverty during childhood. Possible issues to deal with could be, but are not restricted to:
II. The Condition of Children Living in Poverty
The peculiar position of children in our society and their condition as especially vulnerable and dependent beings demands a reflection on how their characteristics makes them relevant subjects of justice, and on how the social institutions that surround them may frame their deprived condition. Possible issues to deal with could be, but are not restricted to:
III. Responsibility and Policy Mechanisms
Many social institutions and agents play a determinant role on a child’s life, and the sources of responsibility towards the alleviation of childhood poverty may rest in many hands. The last part of the book intends to explore the potential ways in which responsibility may be assigned, and possible mechanisms that could deal with poverty during childhood. Possible issues to deal with could be, but are not restricted to:
Nicolás Brando – Nicolas.Brando@kuleuven.be
Gunter Graf - firstname.lastname@example.org
Gottfried Schweiger - Gottfried.Schweiger@sbg.ac.at
Philosophy and Childhood
13-14 July 2017, University of Salzburg, Austria
S. Matthew Liao (New York)
Amy Mullin (Toronto)
Adam Swift (Warwick)
The program includes 32 talks in two parallel sessions and three keynote talks over the course of two days. A detailed program including a book of abstracts can be found on the conference homepage.
The registration fee is 30€ and covers the conference folder, coffee breaks, and two lunch snacks. Students as well as particpiants from countries classified as low-income or lower-middle income economies by the World Bank pay a subsidized fee of 15€.
Guests are welcome but are required to register until 1 July 2017 on the conference homepage. Early registration is appreciated.
This conference is organized jointly by the Centre for Ethics and Poverty Research, University of Salzburg, and the Chair of Philosophy V, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) Munich.
This conference is organized as part of the research project "Social Justice and Child Poverty", funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF): P26480: www.child-poverty.org
Organizers: Alex Bagattini (Munich), Monika Betzler (Munich), Mar Cabezas (Salzburg), Gunter Graf (Salzburg), Gottfried Schweiger (Salzburg).
The program of the 2017 Salzburg Workshop in Philosophy & Poverty on the topic of Poverty and Humand Dignity is now online!
The workshop will take place at the Centre for Ethics and Poverty Research, University of Salzburg on 1 and June 2017. Draft papers will be shared among all participants in advance.
Guests welcome but please register via e-mail until 15 May 2017 at gottfried.schweiger[a]sbg.ac.at.
More info here: http://www.workshop-poverty-philosophy.org/
Thursday, 1 June 2017, 10.00- 17:45
Friday, 2 June 2017, 09.30- 15:45
Rebecca Gutwald (Munich) edited a book review symposium on our book A Philosophical Examination of Social Justice and Child Poverty (Palgrave Macmillan 2015) in the latest issue of Ethical Perspectives. The contributors are Colin Macleod (Vistoria), Krushil Watene (Massey), and Chris Neuhäuser (Dortmund). Gunter and I are thankful for the offered criticism and we respond to the main points in our rejoinder.
The review symposium is, unfortunately, behind a paywall, but I provide the unformatted text here for download.
This paper of mine is part of a Special Issue in the Journal of Global Ethics on Refugee Crisis: The Borders of Human Mobility, edited by Melina Duarte, Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Serena Parekh & Annamari Vitikainen. It was published open access, thanks to support from the Austrian Science Fund (FWF). You find the abstract below and can access the paper for free here:
Abstract: In this paper, I will discuss a children’s rights-based argument for the duty of states, as a joint effort, to establish an effective program to help bring children out of conflict zones, such as parts of Syria, and to a safe haven. Children are among the most vulnerable subjects in violent conflicts who suffer greatly and have their human rights brutally violated as a consequence. Furthermore, children are also a group whose capacities to protect themselves are very limited, while their chance to flee is most often only slim. I will then discuss three counterarguments: the first counterargument would be that, instead of getting the children out of a particular country, it would be better to improve their situation in their home countries. A second counterargument could be that those states, which have such a duty to bring children to a safe haven, would be overburdened by it. Finally, the third counterargument I want to discuss states that such a duty would also demand a military intervention, which could worsen the situation even further.
Together with two colleagues from the CEPR I will edit a thematic collection on religion and poverty in Palgrave Communications. Palgrave Communications is an interdsiciplinary, double-blind peer reviewed and fully open access journal in the humanities and social sciences, published by Palgrave Macmillan (an I am one of its Associate Editors).
It is expected that the thematic collection will be published in Mid 2018. Submissions are possible on an ongoing basis, the deadline for submission of full papers is 30 September 2017, but papers submitted later can also be included since Palgrave Communications is an online-only journal. All papers will be screened by the editors and undergo rigorous peer-review.
For more infromation on the submission process please see the submission guidelines of Palgrave Communications. Find the detailed call for papers for this thematic collection below, and on the homepage of Palgrave communications.
Latest deadline for article proprosals: September 31, 2017.
Submission deadline: From September 2017, although earlier submissions are welcomed.
Editors: Dr Gottfried Schweiger and Dr Helmut P Gaisbauer (Centre for Ethic and Poverty Research, University of Salzburg); Prof Clemens Sedmak (Department of Theology and Religious Studies, King's College London/Centre for Ethics and Poverty Research, University of Salzburg).
Poverty and religion are interrelated in different ways. On the one hand, for various religious traditions poverty is both an aspect of a particular faithful life (e.g. monastic communities) and giving to the poor is seen as a religious duty. Such traditions have evolved over time and expanded the role of faith-based organisations nowadays play in welfare provision and international development. Faith-based organizations play an important role in poverty alleviation both in rich and poor countries. These actions and practices, as well as their religious and theological underpinnings, deserve scrutiny. On the other hand, religion plays an important role in the life of people living in poverty: how they experience and shape their living, and how they find their place in society and the communities in which they. The role of religion in justifying certain inequalities and processes of exclusion (e.g. in India) and thus contributing to the sustainability of poverty is another important theme worth reflection.
We invite papers, from a range of disciplinary perspectives, that consider the following overarching question: how can religion be used as a vehicle to overcome structures of poverty, and how does it sometimes hinder such processes?
Contributions from sociology, development studies, religious studies, economics, theology, and other social sciences and humanities are welcomed; as are insights from different geographical settings, forms of poverty, and religious traditions.
This special issue is run in collaboration with the 2017 Salzburg Conference on Interdisciplinary Poverty Research, organised by the Centre for Ethics and Poverty Research of the University of Salzburg.
Mar Cabezas and I have written a piece about ethics and girl's bodily integrity for a Special Issue on Ethical Practice and the Study of Girlhood in Girlhood Studies. I know that this journal is not the first place to go for philosophers, but sometimes, I think, it is good to cross the disciplinary boundaries. Parts of this paper are closely related to my new book Ethics and the Endangerment of Children's Bodies.
The paper is available open access (thanks to the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)) so everyone can download it for free from the publisher's homepage.
Thanks also to the editors, and the reviewers for their efforts to make this paper a better one, and to make it accesible for readers outside philosophy.
I put the abstract here, and the full text below on Scribd:
Our concern is with the ethical issues related to girlhood and bodily integrity—the right to be free from physical harm and harassment and to experience freedom and security in relation to the body. We defend agency, positive self-relations, and health as basic elements of bodily integrity and we advocate that this normative concept be used as a conceptual tool for the protection of the rights of girls. We assume the capability approach developed by Martha Nussbaum as an ethical framework that enables us to evaluate girls’ well-being and well-becoming in relation to the potential, and often subtle, threats they face. The capability approach can be understood as a theory of justice, and, therefore, as an ethical and political approach. An enriched concept of bodily integrity can help in the design of better policies to address gender biases against girls because it could contribute to seeing them as active agents and valid participants.
I am a social and political philosopher.